Housing situations and local COVID-19 infection dynamics using small-area data.

Publication date: Aug 31, 2023

Low socio-economic status is associated with higher SARS-CoV-2 incidences. In this paper we study whether this is a result of differences in (1) the frequency, (2) intensity, and/or (3) duration of local SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks depending on the local housing situations. So far, there is not clear evidence which of the three factors dominates. Using small-scale data from neighborhoods in the German city Essen and a flexible estimation approach which does not require prior knowledge about specific transmission characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, behavioral responses or other potential model parameters, we find evidence for the last of the three hypotheses. Outbreaks do not happen more often in less well-off areas or are more severe (in terms of the number of cases), but they last longer. This indicates that the socio-economic gradient in infection levels is at least in parts a result of a more sustained spread of infections in neighborhoods with worse housing conditions after local outbreaks and suggests that in case of an epidemic allocating scarce resources in containment measures to areas with poor housing conditions might have the greatest benefit.

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Concepts Keywords
Covid Areas
Epidemic Conditions
German Cov
Neighborhoods Economic
Poor Evidence


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH infection
disease VO frequency
drug DRUGBANK Flunarizine
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO organization
disease MESH severe acute respiratory syndrome
disease VO time
drug DRUGBANK Ribostamycin
disease IDO process
disease IDO susceptibility
disease VO population
disease VO vaccination
disease IDO quality
disease VO immunization
drug DRUGBANK Proline
drug DRUGBANK Trimebutine
drug DRUGBANK Pentaerythritol tetranitrate
disease VO effectiveness
disease IDO intervention
pathway REACTOME Reproduction

Original Article

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