Food and nutrient intake of adolescent women in Medellín, Colombia.

Food and nutrient intake of adolescent women in Medellín, Colombia.

Publication date: Sep 18, 2023

Nutritional imbalance in adolescent girls causes alterations in health, reproductive cycles, and fetal outcomes of future generations. To evaluate the dietary pattern and prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake, a 24-hour multi-step food recall was carried out among 793 adolescent women (14-20 years old) from Medellin, Colombia. Their dietary pattern was characterized by lower than recommended intakes of fruits and vegetables (CRI 0. 4, AMD 0. 2), dairy (CRI 0. 5, AMD 0. 2), and proteins (CRI 0. 8, AMD 0. 3), while starches (CRI 1. 2, AMD 0. 4), fats (CRI 1. 1, AMD 0. 6), and sugars (CRI 1. 0, AMD 0. 5) were at similar or higher levels than recommendations. A high risk of deficiency was found in the usual intake of energy (53. 0%), protein (39. 8%), calcium (98. 9%), folates (85. 7%), iron (74. 4%), thiamine (44. 3%), vitamin C (31. 3%), zinc (28. 3%), vitamin A (23. 4%), cyanocobalamin (17. 3%), and pyridoxine (10. 9%). A low risk of deficiency was noted in usual fiber intake (0. 5%), and a higher than recommended intake was noted in saturated fat (100. 0%) and simple carbohydrates (68. 8%). Anecdotally, a large proportion of respondents saw decreases in their food consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic. These results suggest an urgent need for nutrition education programs to emphasize the importance of adequate nutrition among adolescent women.

Concepts Keywords
Colombia 24-hour recall
Cyanocobalamin adolescent women
Dietary COVID-19
Girls dietary patterns
Pandemic nutrition


Type Source Name
disease MESH causes
drug DRUGBANK Methyldopa
drug DRUGBANK Calcium
drug DRUGBANK Iron
disease VO IroN
drug DRUGBANK Thiamine
drug DRUGBANK Ascorbic acid
drug DRUGBANK Zinc
drug DRUGBANK Vitamin A
drug DRUGBANK Cyanocobalamin
drug DRUGBANK Pyridoxine
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic

Original Article

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