Publication date: Sep 15, 2023
The development of scoring systems to predict the short-term mortality and the length of hospital stay (LOS) in patients with bacteraemia is essential to improve the quality of care and reduce the occupancy variance in the hospital bed. Adults hospitalised with community-onset bacteraemia in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and pre-COVID-19 eras were captured as the validation and derivation cohorts in the multicentre study, respectively. Model I incorporated all variables available on day 0, Model II incorporated all variables available on day 3, and Models III, IV, and V incorporated the variables that changed from day 0 to day 3. This study adopted the statistical and machine learning (ML) methods to jointly determine the prediction performance of these models in two study cohorts. A total of 3,639 (81. 4%) and 834 (18. 6%) patients were included in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. Model IV achieved the best performance in predicting 30-day mortality in both cohorts. The most frequently identified variables incorporated into Model IV were deteriorated consciousness from day 0 to day 3 and deteriorated respiration from day 0 to day 3. Model V achieved the best performance in predicting LOS in both cohorts. The most frequently identified variables in Model V were deteriorated consciousness from day 0 to day 3, a body temperature ≤ 36. 0 ^0C or ≥ 39. 0 ^0C on day 3, and a diagnosis of complicated bacteraemia. For hospitalised adults with community-onset bacteraemia, clinical variables that dynamically changed from day 0 to day 3 were crucial in predicting the short-term mortality and LOS.
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