Publication date: Dec 15, 2023
The global pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a great disaster to the economy and human society. Nowadays, SARS-CoV-2 is fading away from people’s memory but it still exists around us. PCR plays an important role in detecting SARS-CoV-2 but it requires a long detecting time, equipped laboratory, and professional operators. In comparison with polymerase chain reaction (PCR), surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a promising method for detecting SARS-CoV-2 due to its fast, easily operated, and high-sensitivity properties. In this study, the monolayer Ag nanoparticles (MAgNPs) covered with single-layer graphene (SLG) are applied as a SERS substrate. The angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is selected as a bio-probes that can specifically bind to the SARS-CoV-2 S protein. The SERS-based biosensor is formed by ACE2 functionalized SLG/MAgNPs and the LODs of detecting SARS-CoV-2 S protein in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and in pharyngeal swabs solution (PSS) are 0. 1 fg mL and 10 fg mL, respectively. This biosensor provides a way of directly detecting SARS-CoV-2 S protein with high sensitivity and specificity. It illustrates a practical potential in the rapid detection of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
|disease||VO||Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2|