Measuring COVID-19 related stress and its associated factors among the parents of school-aged children during the first lockdown in France.

Measuring COVID-19 related stress and its associated factors among the parents of school-aged children during the first lockdown in France.

Publication date: Sep 19, 2023

The COVID-19 pandemic placed important challenges on parents, as they had to meet various demands during lockdown, including childcare, work and homeschooling. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate perceived stress levels among the parents of school-aged children and explore their association with sociodemographic, environmental and psychological factors during lockdown. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the parents of school-aged children ages 8 to 18, who lived in the Grand Est region of France during the first wave of the pandemic. An online survey collected sociodemographic data, living and working conditions, and exposure to COVID-19 as well as parent’s levels of perceived stress (PSS-10), self-perceived health status (SF-12), social support (MSPSS) and resilience (BRS). Multivariable logistic regression models were conducted to evaluate the association between moderate to severe perceived stress and various factors. In total, 734 parents were included. The results indicated that 47% were experiencing moderate stress and 7. 2% were experiencing severe stress. Factors most strongly associated with risk of moderate to severe levels of stress were lower levels of parental resilience (OR = 3. 8, 95% CI: 2. 2-6. 6) and poor self-perceived mental health status (OR = 7. 3, 95% CI: 5. 0-10. 8). The following risk factors were also identified: female sex; being in the age range of 35-44; difficulties isolating and contracting COVID-19, which involved hospitalization and separation or isolation from family. The support of friends (OR = 0. 8, 95% CI: 0. 7-1. 0) and family (OR = 0. 5, 95% CI: 0. 3-0. 8) were protective factors. These findings suggest that supportive and preventive programs should focus on the improvement of resilience and mental health management to promote parents’ wellbeing. Research has to focus both on individuals’ inner potential for increasing resilience and the environmental resources to be activated. Building and boosting resilience among parents could serve as a protective factor against negative outcomes for them and their families.

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Concepts Keywords
Environmental COVID-19
France Family support
Pandemic Mental health
Parents Parents
Therapy Resilience


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
disease MESH uncertainty
disease VO Canada
disease VO population
disease MESH violence
disease IDO process
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
disease VO protocol
disease MESH marital status
disease MESH education level
disease VO time
disease VO report
disease VO frequency
disease VO USA
disease MESH psychological stress
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH unemployment
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
disease IDO intervention
disease VO effective
pathway KEGG Coronavirus disease
disease MESH infectious diseases
drug DRUGBANK Esomeprazole
disease MESH pneumonia
disease VO organization
drug DRUGBANK Hydroxyethyl Starch
disease MESH loneliness
disease MESH psychological distress
drug DRUGBANK Bean
disease VO volume
disease VO Apa
disease IDO history
disease MESH oral cancer
disease MESH Cancer
drug DRUGBANK Gold
disease VO age
disease MESH burnout

Original Article

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