Publication date: Sep 19, 2023
Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are a leading cause of acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs). Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) were widely administered to combat the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Respiratory specimens were obtained from 10454 hospitalized children with ARTIs to detect HPIV. We investigated differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics of HPIV infections before (2017-2019) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2022). HPIVs were detected in 392 (3. 75%, 392/10454) patients, of whom 70 (17. 86%), 48 (12. 24%), and 274 (69. 90%) were positive for HPIV1, HPIV2, and HPIV3, respectively. Detection rates of HPIV3 were higher in 2020-2022 than in 2017-2019 (3. 38% vs. 2. 24%). The seasonal distribution of HPIV1 showed no difference, but HPIV3 peaked between September and December during the COVID-19 pandemic, which differed from previous epidemiological patterns. Compared to the period before the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a noticeable decrease in the incidence of asthma, moist rales, and emesis in patients infected with HPIV1 and in asthma, expectoration, and severe pneumonia in patients infected with HPIV3 during 2020-2022. The detection rates of HPIV increased in Southern China during the COVID-19 outbreak, which underlines the importance of continuous surveillance of HPIV in the next epidemic season.
|Severe||human parainfluenza virus|
|disease||MESH||parainfluenza virus infections|
|disease||MESH||respiratory tract infections|