Disease-preventive behaviors and subjective well-being in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Disease-preventive behaviors and subjective well-being in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Publication date: Sep 25, 2023

Safety precautions and activity restrictions were common in the early, pre-vaccine phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. We hypothesized that higher levels of participation in potentially risky social and other activities would be associated with greater life satisfaction and perceived meaning in life. At the same time, prosocial COVID-preventive activities such as mask wearing should enhance life satisfaction. We assessed the impact of COVID-preventive behaviors on psychological well-being in October 2020. A nationally representative sample of U. S. adults (nā€‰=ā€‰831) completed a demographic questionnaire, a COVID-related behaviors questionnaire, a Cantril’s Ladder item, and the Multidimensional Existential Meaning Scale. Two hierarchical linear models were used to examine the potential impact of COVID-preventive behaviors on life satisfaction and meaning in life while accounting for the influence of demographic factors. The study revealed significant positive relationships between COVID-preventive behaviors and subjective well-being. Wearing a mask was significantly associated with higher life satisfaction, while maintaining social distancing of six feet and avoiding large groups were significantly associated with higher perceived meaning in life. Social activities including dining at restaurants and visiting friends and family were also significantly associated with higher life satisfaction and meaning in life, respectively. The study’s findings support the conclusion that disease prevention measures such as social distancing and mask wearing do not reduce, and may enhance, subjective well-being during a pandemic. Utilizing the unique context of the COVID-19 pandemic to examine relationships between behavior and subjective well-being, the study also indicates that shallow or medium-depth social activities are likely to be more central to life satisfaction, whereas narrower, deeper social interactions with friends and family are more important to perceived meaning in life.

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Concepts Keywords
Accounting Anxiety
October Covid
Psychol Life satisfaction
Restaurants Meaning
Vaccine Prosociality


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease VO vaccine
disease VO time
disease MESH facial expression
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
disease VO USA
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
disease MESH infection
disease VO effective
disease IDO country
drug DRUGBANK Pentaerythritol tetranitrate
drug DRUGBANK Ademetionine
disease VO frequency
drug DRUGBANK Methionine
disease MESH marital status
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO vaccination
disease VO population
drug DRUGBANK Tretamine
drug DRUGBANK Polyethylene glycol
disease IDO process
drug DRUGBANK Methyl isocyanate
drug DRUGBANK Rhein
disease MESH Affective Disorders
drug DRUGBANK Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate
disease VO report
disease VO company
disease MESH psychological distress
disease MESH Morbidity
disease MESH heart failure
disease IDO quality
disease VO organ
drug DRUGBANK Gold

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