COVID-19 Case, Death, and Vaccination Rate Disparities by Race and Ethnicity in Virginia.

Publication date: Nov 27, 2023

This paper tracks trends in COVID-19 case, death, and vaccination rate disparities by race and ethnicity in Virginia during the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 case, death, and vaccination rates were obtained from electronic state health department records from March 2020 to February 2022. Rate ratios were then utilized to quantify racial and ethnic disparities for several time periods during the pandemic. The Hispanic population had the highest COVID-19 case and age-adjusted death rates, and the lowest vaccination rates at the beginning of the pandemic in Virginia. These disparities resolved later in the pandemic. COVID-19 case and death rates among the Black population were also higher than those of the White population and these disparities remained throughout the pandemic. Racial and ethnic disparities changed over time in Virginia as vaccination coverage and public health policies evolved. Year 2 of the analysis saw lower case and death rates, and higher vaccination rates for non-White populations in Virginia. Public health strategies need to be addressed during the pandemic and developed before the next pandemic to ensure that large racial and ethnic disparities are not again present at the outset.

Concepts Keywords
Covid COVID-19
Death Health disparities
February Public policy
Racial Virginia


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH Death
disease VO vaccination
disease VO time
disease VO population
disease VO vaccination coverage

Original Article

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