How COVID-19 Pandemic Restrictions Affected Kuwaiti College Students’ Anthropometry, Lifestyle Behaviors, and Dietary Habits.

Publication date: Nov 13, 2023

The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures implemented to control it have led to widespread lifestyle changes globally. While previous studies have explored these effects across different age groups, this research focuses uniquely on college students in Kuwait. A cross-sectional study (N = 1259) was conducted among college students using a validated online questionnaire covering various aspects, including demographics, academic performance, self-reported body weight and height, sleep duration, dietary habits, and physical activity. There were equal proportions of individuals reporting decreased, increased, or no change in body weight, BMI, and dietary habits due to COVID-19, with no significant gender differences observed. A higher decrease (44. 3%) than increase (29. 2%) occurred due to COVID-19 in the proportion of college students engaging in physical activity. Significant differences were found in the students’ responses to most of the eating behavior questions, concerning the changes attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions. Multivariable analysis showed significant interaction effects for gender by losing above 9 kg during the last 6 months in age (p = 0. 037), total physical activity in METs-min/week (p = 0. 048), and cake/donuts intake (p = 0. 006). Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, revealed that a decrease in BMI was associated with an increase in daily vegetable intake (aOR = 1. 531, p = 0. 031), whereas increases in BMI were associated with an increased intake of sugar-sweetened drinks equal to or above 4 days/week (aOR = 1. 551, p = 0. 032) and increased chocolates/candy intake equal to or above 4 days/week (aOR = 1. 792, p = 0. 037). It was concluded that, in response to a major epidemic, such as COVID-19, college students, as a population, are susceptible to significant changes in lifestyle and eating behaviors that can impact their health and well-being. Future risks for college students’ health can be reduced through appropriate lifestyle interventions.

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Concepts Keywords
Dietary academic achievement
Kuwait Anthropometry
Mets Body Weight
Pandemic body weight
Students college students
COVID-19 pandemic
Cross-Sectional Studies
eating habits
Feeding Behavior
gender differences
Life Style
lifestyle changes
physical activity
sleep patterns


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 Pandemic
disease MESH Lifestyle
drug DRUGBANK Aspartame
disease VO population
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO organization
drug DRUGBANK Stavudine
disease MESH morbidity
disease MESH uncertainty
disease MESH loneliness
disease MESH psychological distress
disease MESH overweight
disease MESH eating disorders
disease IDO country
disease VO time
disease IDO process
disease MESH nutritional disorders
disease MESH marital status
disease VO frequency
drug DRUGBANK Methionine
disease VO USA
disease MESH obesity

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