Memory T Cells Discrepancies in COVID-19 Patients.

Publication date: Nov 09, 2023

The immune response implicated in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pathogenesis remains to be fully understood. The present study aimed to clarify the alterations in CD4 and CD8 memory T cells’ compartments in SARS-CoV-2-infected patients, with an emphasis on various comorbidities affecting COVID-19 patients. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 35 COVID-19 patients, 16 recovered individuals, and 25 healthy controls, and analyzed using flow cytometry. Significant alterations were detected in the percentage of CD8 T cells and effector memory-expressing CD45RA CD8 T cells (TEMRA) in COVID-19 patients compared to healthy controls. Interestingly, altered percentages of CD4 T cells, CD8 T cells, T effector (TEff), T nacEFve cells (TNs), T central memory (TCM), T effector memory (TEM), T stem cell memory (TSCM), and TEMRA T cells were significantly associated with the disease severity. Male patients had more CD8 TSCMs and CD4 TNs cells, while female patients had a significantly higher percentage of effector CD8CD45RA T cells. Moreover, altered percentages of CD8 TNs and memory CD8CD45RO T cells were detected in diabetic and non-diabetic COVID-19 patients, respectively. In summary, this study identified alterations in memory T cells among COVID-19 patients, revealing a sex bias in the percentage of memory T cells. Moreover, COVID-19 severity and comorbidities have been linked to specific subsets of T memory cells which could be used as therapeutic, diagnostic, and protective targets for severe COVID-19.

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Concepts Keywords
Cd8cd45ro COVID-19
Coronavirus memory T cells
Diabetic SARS-CoV-2
Healthy T cell subtypes
Sex

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