Modelling a two-stream emergency department segregation and admission system from COVID-19 early rapid antigen testing: A pilot study.

Publication date: Nov 29, 2023

Many factors influence patient flow through an ED, including streaming, treatment spaces and staff resources. This pilot study explored and compared real time patient flow using a single-stream system versus varying configurations of possible two-stream systems using computer simulation. Simulation modelling was used to assess the delay in treatment of a rapid-antigen-tested-based, two-stream model for patient flow through ED during the peak phase of the COVID pandemic. Modelling two-stream configuration for all patients (minimum time to be seen for both COVID-positive and COVID-negative patients) showed that in the case study ED, a two-stream system and linked changes in bed configuration for managing the risks of infection can impact delays in treatment. Data-driven modelling within specific clinical settings can inform the (in)efficiency of patient flow processes and help clinicians and managers make evidence-based decisions about patient transition through EDs. This can assist with reconfiguration of ED patient streaming particularly during periods of unique need, such as the recent COVID-19 pandemic.

Concepts Keywords
Bed computer simulation
Clinicians COVID-19
Pandemic ED configuration
Pilot modelling


Type Source Name
disease MESH emergency
disease MESH COVID-19
drug DRUGBANK Etoperidone
disease VO time
disease MESH infection
disease VO efficiency

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)