Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in an Isolation Centre in South-West Nigeria.

Publication date: Oct 01, 2023

The clinical presentation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can vary widely, and while the primary infection involves the respiratory system, other organs can also be affected. This study presents the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in a tertiary hospital in Ado Ekiti, South-West Nigeria. This is a retrospective study involving COVID-19 patients admitted to the isolation ward between August 2020 and January 2021. The data used for this study was obtained from the patient’s medical record, which includes demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, baseline co-morbidities, and laboratory investigations. The average age of the patients was 60. 3 years, and more than two-thirds were male. The most common symptoms were fever, shortness of breath, cough, and tiredness. Comorbidities identified among the patients included diabetes mellitus, heart disease, obesity, and chronic kidney disease. The most common radiological findings were bilateral homogeneous patchy opacities and peripheral fluffy infiltrates. The overall mortality rate was 21. 9%, with 13 deaths in patients with severe disease. Age and duration of admission were found to be significant predictors of death. The results of this study provide valuable insights into the clinical presentation of COVID-19 in Nigeria and may guide future management strategies for similar infections.

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Concepts Keywords
August clinical features
Coronavirus covid-19
Diabetes mortality rate
Nigeria nigeria
Radiological

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease IDO primary infection
drug DRUGBANK Adenosine
disease MESH morbidities
disease MESH diabetes mellitus
disease MESH heart disease
disease MESH obesity
disease MESH chronic kidney disease
disease VO age
disease MESH death
disease MESH infections
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
disease MESH Infectious Disease
disease VO Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
disease MESH complications
disease MESH acute respiratory distress syndrome
disease IDO production
disease MESH sore throat
disease MESH Shock
disease MESH acute kidney injury
disease VO population
disease IDO process
drug DRUGBANK Oxygen

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