Variations and Associated Factors in Symptom-to-Balloon (STB) Time and Door-to-Balloon (DTB) Time Before and After the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Publication date: Oct 01, 2023

During the COVID-19 lockdown, India saw a major restriction in the movement of people. Patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) required early interventions and follow-up of independent predictors like symptom-to-balloon (STB) time and door-to-balloon (DTB) time. This study aimed to determine changes in STB and DTB time before and after the COVID-19 lockdown and its associated risk factors. A hospital-based cross-sectional study of 105 patients admitted to the cardiac care units (CCU) of two tertiary care centers in a district of Southern India for six months was conducted to compare the changes in STB and DTB time before and after the COVID-19 lockdown (three months before March 2020 and three months after March 2020), and data was collected from medical records. The data collected was then entered into Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Washington, USA), numerically coded, and analyzed using SPSS Statistics version 21 (IBM Corp. Released 2012. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21. 0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. ). The Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests assessed the association between the dependent and independent variables. The STB/DTB time (before and after the COVID-19 lockdown) was the dependent variable, while the age, gender, co-morbidities, smoking status, and date of admission of patients (before and after the COVID-19 lockdown) were taken as the independent variables. A p-value of

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Concepts Keywords
Balloon cad
Covid covid-19
Microsoft dtb
Myocardial lockdown


Type Source Name
disease IDO symptom
drug DRUGBANK Steviolbioside
disease VO time
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO USA
disease MESH morbidities
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M

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