Quantitatively Identifying Messaging Topics to Encourage West Virginia nurses’ COVID-19 Vaccination.

Publication date: Nov 30, 2023

Nurses are particularly influential to others as it relates to COVID-19 vaccination decision-making and are at higher risk of COVID-19 themselves. Yet, nurses’ COVID-19 vaccination remains suboptimal. This study combines communication science frameworks with a novel conceptualize of identity-identity fusion-to explore why nurses may not vaccinate and what strategies might encourage them to protect themselves from COVID-19. Practicing nurses recruited from the West Virginia Nurses Association (Nā€‰=ā€‰328) were asked about their nursing identity, COVID-19 threat perceptions, vaccination efficacy perceptions, vaccination social norms, and both vaccination and information seeking plans. Findings show that social norms may have particular influence over nurses’ vaccination intentions, though this is unique to nurses who do not view themselves as completely “fused” with the nursing identity. “Fully fused” nurses, on the other hand, may respond well to information conveying their particular risk for COVID-19. Data suggest information on one’s self-efficacy or ability to get vaccinated should be avoided, as it might discourage some nurses’vaccination. Findings are discussed in terms of how identity may influence vaccination.

Concepts Keywords
Covid Covid
Intentions Efficacy
Nurses Encourage
Vaccines Findings
Virginia Identity


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO vaccination
disease VO vaccinated

Original Article

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