Natural and Synthetic Coumarins as Potential Drug Candidates Against SARS-CoV-2/CoViD-19.

Natural and Synthetic Coumarins as Potential Drug Candidates Against SARS-CoV-2/CoViD-19.

Publication date: Jan 11, 2024

COVID-19, an airborne disease caused by a betacoronavirus named SARS– CoV-2, was officially declared a pandemic in early 2020, resulting in more than 770 million confirmed cases and over 6. 9 million deaths by September 2023. Although the introduction of vaccines in late 2020 helped reduce the number of deaths, the global effort to fight COVID-19 is far from over. While significant progress has been made in a short period, the fight against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 and other potential pandemic threats continues. Like AIDS and hepatitis C epidemics, controlling the spread of COVID-19 will require the development of multiple drugs to weaken the virus’s resistance to different drug treatments. Therefore, it is essential to continue developing new drug candidates derived from natural or synthetic small molecules. Coumarins are a promising drug design and development scaffold due to their synthetic versatility and unique physicochemical properties. Numerous examples reported in scientific literature, mainly by in silico prospection, demonstrate their potential contribution to the rapid development of drugs against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 and other emergent and reemergent viruses.

Concepts Keywords
Betacoronavirus antiviral drugs
Covid computer simulations
Pandemic Coronavirus disease 2019
Versatility coumarins
cysteine-proteases.
molecular docking
molecular dynamics

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH CoViD-19
disease VO Betacoronavirus
disease MESH AIDS
disease MESH hepatitis C
pathway KEGG Hepatitis C
disease VO Viruses
drug DRUGBANK L-Cysteine
disease VO Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

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