SARS-CoV-2 NSP14 governs mutational instability and assists in making new SARS-CoV-2 variants.

SARS-CoV-2 NSP14 governs mutational instability and assists in making new SARS-CoV-2 variants.

Publication date: Jan 12, 2024

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the rapidly evolving RNA virus behind the COVID-19 pandemic, has spawned numerous variants since its 2019 emergence. The multifunctional Nonstructural protein 14 (NSP14) enzyme, possessing exonuclease and messenger RNA (mRNA) capping capabilities, serves as a key player. Notably, single and co-occurring mutations within NSP14 significantly influence replication fidelity and drive variant diversification. This study comprehensively examines 120 co-mutations, 68 unique mutations, and 160 conserved residues across NSP14 homologs, shedding light on their implications for phylogenetic patterns, pathogenicity, and residue interactions. Quantitative physicochemical analysis categorizes 3953 NSP14 variants into three clusters, revealing genetic diversity. This research underscoresthe dynamic nature of SARS-CoV-2 evolution, primarily governed by NSP14 mutations. Understanding these genetic dynamics provides valuable insights for therapeutic and vaccine development.

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Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Clustering
Covid Co-mutations-flow
Diversification Invariant residues
Genetic Nonstructural protein 14 (NSP14)
Pandemic RdRp
SARS-CoV-2

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