Publication date: Jan 18, 2024
A lateral flow assay (LFA) strip based on dual 5,5′-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB)-encoded satellite FeO@Au (Mag@Au) SERS tags with nanogap is reported for ultrasensitive and simultaneous diagnosis of two SARS-CoV-2 functional proteins. Composed of FeO core, satellite gold shell with nanogaps, and double-layer DTNB, the Mag@Au nanoparticles with an average size of 238 nm were designed as multifunctional tags to efficiently enrich the target SARS-CoV-2 protein from complex samples, significantly enhancing the SERS signal of the LFA strip and provide quantitative SERS detection of analyte on test lines. The developed dual DTNB-encoded satellite Mag@Au-based LFA allowed simultaneous quantification of spike (S) protein and nucleocapsid (NP) protein with detection limits of 23 pg mL and 2 pg mL, respectively, lower than commercial ELISA kits and reported SERS-LFA detection system-based Au NPs and FeO@3 nm Au MNPs. This magnetic SERS-LFA also showed high performance of multi-variant strain detection and further distinguished clinical samples of Omicron variant infection, demonstrating the potential of in situ detection of respiratory virus diseases.
|Lateral flow assay
|Multi-variant strain detection