Publication date: Jan 19, 2024
Various platforms for the accurate diagnosis of infectious diseases have been studied because of the emergence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in 2019. Recently, it has become difficult to distinguish viruses with similar symptoms due to the continuous mutation of viruses, and there is an increasing need for a diagnostic method to detect them simultaneously. Therefore, we developed a paper-based rapid antigen diagnostic test using DNA aptamers for the simultaneous detection of influenza A, influenza B, and COVID-19. Aptamers specific for each target viral antigen were selected and attached to AuNPs for application in a rapid antigen diagnosis kit using our company’s heterogeneous sandwich-type aptamer screening method (H-SELEX). We confirmed that the three viruses could be detected on the same membrane without cross-reactivity based on the high stability, specificity, and binding affinity of the selected aptamers. Further, the limit of detection was 2. 89 pg.mL when applied to develop signal amplification technology; each virus antigen was detected successfully in diluted nasopharyngeal samples. We believe that the developed simultaneous diagnostic kit, based on such high accuracy, can distinguish various infectious diseases, thereby increasing the therapeutic effect and contributing to the clinical field.