Pregnancy outcomes after frozen-thawed embryo transfer in women with COVID-19 history: A prospective cohort study.

Pregnancy outcomes after frozen-thawed embryo transfer in women with COVID-19 history: A prospective cohort study.

Publication date: Jan 01, 2024

The clinical effect of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation remains unclear. Herein, we aim to investigate whether a COVID-19 history adversely affect female pregnancy outcomes after frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). This prospective cohort study enrolled 230 women who underwent FET cycles from December 2022 to April 2023 in an academic fertility center. Based on the history of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection before FET, women were divided into the infected group (n = 136) and the control group (n = 94). The primary outcome was the clinical pregnancy rate per cycle. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to adjust for potential confounders, while subgroup analysis and restricted cubic splines were used to depict the effect of postinfection time interval on FET. The results showed that the clinical pregnancy rate was 59. 6% in the infected group and 63. 9% in the control group (p = 0. 513). Similarly, the two groups were comparable in the rates of biochemical pregnancy (69. 1% vs. 76. 6%; p = 0. 214) and embryo implantation (51. 7% vs. 54. 5%; p = 0. 628). After adjustment, the nonsignificant association remained between prior infection and clinical pregnancy (OR = 0. 78, 95% CI: 0. 42-1. 46). However, the odds for clinical pregnancy were significantly lower in the ≤30 days subgroup (OR = 0. 15, 95% CI: 0. 03-0. 77), while no statistical significance was detected for 31-60 days and >60 days subgroups compared with the uninfected women. In conclusion, our findings suggested that SARS-CoV-2 infection in women had no significant effect on subsequent FET treatment overall, but pregnancy rates tended to be decreased if vitrified-thawed embryos were transferred within 30 days after infection. A 1-month postponement should be rationally recommended, while further studies with larger sample groups and longer follow-up periods are warranted for confirmation.

Concepts Keywords
Academic COVID-19
April COVID-19
Endometrial Cryopreservation
Ofcoronavirus Embryo Transfer
Pregnancy Female
frozen-thawed embryo transfer
Humans
infection
Pregnancy
pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
SARS-CoV-2
SARS-CoV-2

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Pregnancy outcomes
disease MESH COVID-19
disease IDO history
disease VO Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
disease MESH infection
disease VO time

Original Article

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