Evaluation of psychological distress, burnout and structural empowerment status of healthcare workers during the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

Evaluation of psychological distress, burnout and structural empowerment status of healthcare workers during the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

Publication date: Jan 22, 2024

In light of several recent studies, there is evidence that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused various mental health concerns in the general population, as well as among healthcare workers (HCWs). The main aim of this study was to assess the psychological distress, burnout and structural empowerment status of HCWs during the COVID-19 outbreak, and to evaluate its predictors. This multi-center, cross-sectional web-based questionnaire survey was conducted on HCWs during the outbreak of COVID-19 from August 2020 to January 2021. HCWs working in hospitals from 48 different countries were invited to participate in an online anonymous survey that investigated sociodemographic data, psychological distress, burnout and structural empowerment (SE) based on Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Conditions for work effectiveness questionnaire (CWEQ_II), respectively. Predictors of the total scores of DASS-21, MBI and CWEQ-II were assessed using unadjusted and adjusted binary logistic regression analysis. Out of the 1030 HCWs enrolled in this survey, all completed the sociodemographic section (response rate 100%) A total of 730 (70. 9%) HCWs completed the DASS-21 questionnaire, 852 (82. 6%) completed the MBI questionnaire, and 712 (69. 1%) completed the CWEQ-II questionnaire. The results indicate that 360 out of 730 responders (49. 3%) reported severe or extremely severe levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. Additionally, 422 out of 851 responders (49. 6%) reported a high level of burnout, while 268 out of 712 responders (37. 6%) reported a high level of structural empowerment based on the DASS-21, MBI, and CWEQ-II scales, respectively. In addition, the analysis showed that HCWs working in the COVID-19 areas experienced significantly higher symptoms of severe stress, anxiety, depression and higher levels of burnout compared to those working in other areas. The results also revealed that direct work with COVID-19 patients, lower work experience, and high workload during the outbreak of COVID-19 increase the risks of negative psychological consequences. Health professionals had high levels of burnout and psychological symptoms during the COVID-19 emergency. Monitoring and timely treatment of these conditions is needed.

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Concepts Keywords
August Anxiety
Coronavirus Burnout
Hospitals COVID-19
Pandemic Depression
Workload Predictors
Stress
Structural empowerment

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH psychological distress
disease MESH burnout
pathway KEGG Coronavirus disease
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO population
disease VO effectiveness
disease MESH emergency
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO organization
disease MESH insomnia
disease MESH posttraumatic stress disorder
disease MESH infection
drug DRUGBANK Etoperidone
drug DRUGBANK Trihexyphenidyl
disease MESH education levels
disease IDO history
disease MESH mental illness
disease VO report
disease VO time
disease MESH depersonalization
disease VO USA
disease VO frequency
disease MESH Marital status
disease MESH lifestyle
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
disease MESH Loneliness
disease VO efficiency
drug DRUGBANK Diethylstilbestrol
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
drug DRUGBANK Esomeprazole
disease VO protocol
disease VO Canada
drug DRUGBANK Elm
drug DRUGBANK Dimethyl sulfone
disease MESH Secondary Traumatic Stress

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