Prevalence and coping of depression and anxiety among college students during COVID-19 lockdowns in China.

Prevalence and coping of depression and anxiety among college students during COVID-19 lockdowns in China.

Publication date: Mar 01, 2024

This study sought to investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and mixed anxiety-depression disorder among college students during COVID-19 shelter-in-place lockdowns in China. Participants (N = 2818) were selected from 8 provincial regions across the country in areas that were under lockdown mandates. The dependent variables were anxiety and depression. Multiple regression models were tested using anxiety and depression as the respective outcome variables, and binary logistic regression was conducted with anxiety-depression comorbidity as the dependent variable. Explanatory variables were changes in (social) media use and communication behaviors, perceived effectiveness of daily activity involvements as well as a number of demographic and environmental factors. Being a college senior, prior anxiety/depression history, having family members and residents in neighborhood tested positive with COVID were all important predictors of elevated anxiety, depression and their comorbidity. Increased face-to-face family communication and reading more e-books were associated with reduced anxiety, depression and their comorbidity. Listening to music and playing video games were correlated with lower anxiety but not depression. Draconian shelter-in-place lockdowns as strictly enforced in China within a short notice could be detrimental to individual mental health and psychological well-being. Findings in this research can provide practical guidance for college counselors and health professionals in targeting particular segments of the student population in providing tailored psychological, therapeutic and material services during disruptive moments and public health crises. The central role of family communication in the emotional and social support process deserves critical contemplation.

Concepts Keywords
China China
Covid College student
Daily COVID-19
Environmental Depression
Therapy Generalized anxiety disorder
Mixed anxiety-depression disorder


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease IDO country
disease MESH comorbidity
disease VO effectiveness
disease IDO history
disease VO population
disease IDO process
disease MESH anxiety disorder

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