Publication date: Jan 03, 2024
Influenza and COVID-19 contribute significantly to the infectious disease burden during the respiratory season, but their relative burden remains unknown. This study characterizes the frequency and severity of medically attended COVID-19 and influenza during the peak of the 2022-2023 influenza season in the pediatric, adult, and older adult populations and characterizes the prevalence of underlying conditions among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. This cross-sectional analysis included individuals in the Veradigm EHR Database linked to Komodo claims data with a medical encounter between 1 October 2022 and 31 March 2023 (study period). Patients with medical encounters were identified with a diagnosis of COVID-19 or influenza during the study period and stratified based on the highest level of care received with that diagnosis. Among 23,526,196 individuals, there were more COVID-19-related medical encounters than influenza-related encounters, overall and by outcome. Hospitalizations with COVID-19 were more common than hospitalizations with influenza overall (incidence ratio = 4. 6) and in all age groups. Nearly all adults hospitalized with COVID-19 had at least one underlying medical condition, but 37. 1% of 0-5-year-olds and 25. 0% of 6-17-year-olds had no underlying medical conditions. COVID-19 was associated greater burden than influenza during the peak of the 2022-2023 influenza season.
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