Illness Experiences of Brazilian People Who Were Hospitalized Due to COVID-19 and Faced Long COVID Repercussions in Their Daily Life: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study.

Illness Experiences of Brazilian People Who Were Hospitalized Due to COVID-19 and Faced Long COVID Repercussions in Their Daily Life: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study.

Publication date: Dec 23, 2023

Long COVID is a multisystem condition that has multiple consequences for the physical, mental, and social health of COVID-19 survivors. The impact of the long COVID condition remains unclear, particularly among middle-aged and older adults, who are at greater risk than younger people of persisting symptoms associated with COVID-19. Therefore, we aimed to understand the experiences of middle-aged and older people who had been hospitalized for COVID-19 and the repercussions of long-term COVID symptoms in their daily lives. A qualitative study was carried out, adopting the framework of the constructivist grounded theory (CGT) proposed by Kathy Charmaz. Fifty-six middle-aged and older adult participants from the southern region of Brazil were recruited. Data were gathered from semi-structured telephone interviews. Concomitantly a comparative analysis was performed to identify categories and codes using the MaxQDA software (version 2022). Three subcategories were identified: (1) experiencing COVID-19 in the acute phase; (2) oscillating between ‘good days’ and ‘bad days’ in long COVID; and (3) (re)constructing identity. These concepts interact with each other and converge upon the central category of this study: recasting oneself to the uniqueness of the illness experience of long COVID. Our findings provided insights related to the disruption in the lives of long COVID-19 sufferers who still live with persistent symptoms of the disease, including physical, social, family, emotional and spiritual repercussions. Likewise, this study may aid in developing friendly and welcoming social environments, lowering stigma and prejudice towards patients with long COVID, and fostering prompt and suitable policy support and mental health care for these individuals.

Open Access PDF

Concepts Keywords
Brazil adults
Covid Brazil
Disease COVID-19
Interviews long COVID
older people
qualitative study


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH Long COVID
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH infections
disease MESH respiratory failure
disease MESH death
drug DRUGBANK Oxygen
disease IDO symptom
disease IDO host
disease MESH acute disease
disease MESH overweight
disease MESH mood disorders
disease IDO process
disease MESH uncertainty
disease MESH sequelae
disease IDO country
disease MESH Influenza
disease IDO infection
disease VO time
disease MESH chronic illnesses
disease VO organization
disease VO protocol
disease MESH pneumonia
disease VO URE
disease MESH Hair Loss
disease MESH impotence
drug DRUGBANK Methylergometrine
disease MESH homesickness
disease VO Thing
drug DRUGBANK Isoxaflutole
drug DRUGBANK Tropicamide
drug DRUGBANK Nonoxynol-9
drug DRUGBANK Medical air
disease VO dead
disease MESH facial expressions
disease MESH panic
disease MESH shock
disease VO frequency
disease MESH PTSD
disease VO effective
disease VO effectiveness
disease VO population
drug DRUGBANK Deoxy-2-Fluoro-B-D-Cellotrioside
disease VO USA
drug DRUGBANK Guanosine
drug DRUGBANK (S)-Des-Me-Ampa
disease MESH syndrome
disease MESH Infectious Diseases
drug DRUGBANK Silver
disease MESH morbidity
disease VO age
drug DRUGBANK Trihexyphenidyl
drug DRUGBANK Profenamine
disease MESH lifestyles

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)