Modern Trends in Otologic Surgery and Implications for Residency Training.

Modern Trends in Otologic Surgery and Implications for Residency Training.

Publication date: Jan 22, 2024

Placing a middle ear prosthesis is considered a key competency for the general otolaryngologist, but surgeons struggle to obtain and maintain this skill. The current study aims to characterize pre-coronavirus disease 2019 trends in stapedectomy and ossiculoplasty. Database review. Tricare beneficiaries are treated at civilian and military facilities. The Department of Defense beneficiary population of more than nine million persons per year was reviewed for patients undergoing either stapedectomy or ossiculoplasty between 2010 and 2019, identified by the current procedural terminology code. A total of 3052 stapedectomies and 7197 ossiculoplasties were performed. Over the 10-year study period, stapedectomy decreased by 23%, with an average annual rate of -2. 7% per year (Pearson r = -. 91, P = . 0003). Ossiculoplasties declined by 18%, an average annual rate of -1. 9% (r = -. 8, P = . 006). In combination, cases declined by 20%, an average annual rate of -2. 2% (r = -. 87, P = . 001). While declines in stapedectomy surgery have been well reported, here we show steady declines in ossiculoplasty as well. If these trends continue, more cochlear implantations may be performed annually than stapedectomy and ossiculoplasty combined, with cochlear implantation likely to overtake ossicular chain surgery in the near future. These changes in surgical volume have a direct implication on resident education and general otolaryngology expectations after graduation. Strong consideration should be made to replace “Stapedectomy/Ossiculoplasty” as resident key indicator with “Cochlear Implantation,” a more professionally meaningful skill.

Concepts Keywords
Annually cochlear implant
Coronavirus military
Decreased ossicular chain surgery
Otolaryngologist ossiculoplasty
Training otology


Type Source Name
disease MESH coronavirus disease 2019
disease VO population
disease VO volume

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