Prevalence and Factors Associated with Long COVID Symptoms among U.S. Adults, 2022.

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Long COVID Symptoms among U.S. Adults, 2022.

Publication date: Jan 18, 2024

Long COVID and its symptoms have not been examined in different subpopulations of U. S. adults. Using the 2022 BRFSS (n = 445,132), we assessed long COVID and each symptom by sociodemographic characteristics and health-related variables. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to examine factors associated with long COVID and the individual symptoms. Prevalence differences were conducted to examine differences in long COVID by vaccination status. Overall, more than one in five adults who ever had COVID-19 reported symptoms consistent with long COVID (21. 8%). The most common symptom was tiredness or fatigue (26. 2%), followed by difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (18. 9%), and loss of taste or smell (17. 0%). Long COVID was more common among adults under 65 years, women, American Indian or Alaska Native or other/multi race group, smokers, and people with a disability, depression, overweight or obesity compared to their respective counterparts. The prevalence of long COVID was higher among unvaccinated adults (25. 6%) than vaccinated adults (21. 6%) overall, and for 20 of 32 subgroups assessed. These findings underscore the benefits of vaccination, the importance of early treatment, and the need to better inform health care resource allocation and support services for those experiencing long COVID.

Open Access PDF

Concepts Keywords
Alaska adults
Obesity COVID-19 outcomes
Race COVID-19 vaccination
Vaccination disparities
long COVID
vaccine confidence
vaccine hesitancy


Type Source Name
disease MESH Long COVID
disease IDO symptom
disease VO vaccination
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH overweight
disease MESH obesity
disease VO unvaccinated
disease VO vaccinated
drug DRUGBANK Tropicamide
disease VO USA
disease VO vaccine
disease MESH Emergency
disease MESH infection
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO population
disease MESH education levels
disease MESH marital status
disease MESH chest pain
disease VO dose
disease MESH depressive disorder
disease MESH dysthymia

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)