A Nationwide, Prospective Study of Tracheal Intubation in Critically Ill Adults in Spain: Management, Associated Complications, and Outcomes.

A Nationwide, Prospective Study of Tracheal Intubation in Critically Ill Adults in Spain: Management, Associated Complications, and Outcomes.

Publication date: Jan 23, 2024

Our aims were to explore current intubation practices in Spanish ICUs to determine the incidence and risk factors of peri-intubation complications (primary outcome measure: major adverse events), the rate and factors associated with first-pass success, and their impact on mortality as well as the changes of the intubation procedure observed in the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospective, observational, and cohort study. Forty-three Spanish ICU. A total of 1837 critically ill adult patients undergoing tracheal intubation. The enrollment period was six months (selected by each center from April 16, 2019, to October 31, 2020). None. : At least one major adverse peri-intubation event occurred in 40. 4 % of the patients (973 major adverse events were registered) the most frequent being hemodynamic instability (26. 5%) and severe hypoxemia (20. 3%). The multivariate analysis identified seven variables independently associated with a major adverse event whereas the use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) was associated with reduced odds of major adverse events. Intubation on the first attempt was achieved in 70. 8% of the patients. The use of videolaryngoscopy at the first attempt was the only protective factor (odds ratio 0. 43; 95% CI, 0. 28-0. 66; p < 0. 001) for first-attempt intubation failure. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of videolaryngoscopy and NMBAs increased significantly. The occurrence of a major peri-intubation event was an independent risk factor for 28-day mortality. Cardiovascular collapse also posed a serious threat, constituting an independent predictor of death. A major adverse event occurred in up to 40% of the adults intubated in the ICU. Peri-intubation hemodynamic instability but not severe hypoxemia was identified as an independent predictor of death. The use of NMBAs was a protective factor for major adverse events, whereas the use of videolaringoscopy increases the first-pass success rate of intubation. Intubation practices changed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Concepts Keywords
Adults Adverse
Hypoxemia Attempt
Spanish Covid
Videolaringoscopy Event
Events
Factor
Ill
Independent
Intubation
Major
Nmbas
Pandemic
Peri
Prospective
Tracheal

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Critically Ill
disease MESH Complications
drug DRUGBANK Spinosad
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease VO adverse event
disease MESH death

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)