The Effect of COVID-19 on Middle-Aged Adults’ Mental Health: A Mixed-Method Case-Control Study on the Moderating Effect of Cognitive Reserve.

The Effect of COVID-19 on Middle-Aged Adults’ Mental Health: A Mixed-Method Case-Control Study on the Moderating Effect of Cognitive Reserve.

Publication date: Jan 10, 2024

The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the vulnerability of adults to mental health effects, and the study of protective factors has become crucial. Cognitive reserve (CR) is a well-known protective factor against cognitive decline and several health factors; however, its protective effect on mental health during the pandemic has been rarely addressed. Thus, this study explored, through a mixed-method design, the effect of CR on perceived distress and PTSD-like symptoms in middle-aged participants who have survived severe COVID-19 and a matched control group. A total of 432 participants filled out self-report measures of CR, PTSD, depression, and anxiety, and were also asked to provide narration about their COVID-19-related experience. COVID-19 significantly affected the chances of reporting different mental health symptoms; levels of CR played a protective role in reducing their severity. Moreover, adults with higher CR seemed to be more realistic, focusing less on positive emotions, and elaborating more on the sense of anxiety when describing their experience: this might be an indication of a lower use of suppression to regulate emotions. Practical implications of these findings and future directions have been also discussed.

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Concepts Keywords
Adults cognitive reserve
Covid COVID-19
Future mental health
Healthcare PTSD
Ptsd text analysis

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH cognitive decline
disease MESH PTSD
disease VO report
disease VO USA
disease MESH complications
disease VO population
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH physiological stress
disease IDO process
disease MESH infection
disease MESH psychological distress
disease MESH education level
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme A
disease VO mouth
drug DRUGBANK Methionine
disease IDO history
disease MESH anxiety disorders
disease VO frequency
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
disease MESH symptom clusters

Original Article

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