Early Estimates of Updated 2023-2024 (Monovalent XBB.1.5) COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness Against Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection Attributable to Co-Circulating Omicron Variants Among Immunocompetent Adults – Increasing Community Access to Testing Program, United States, September 2023-January 2024.

Publication date: Feb 01, 2024

On September 12, 2023, CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended updated 2023-2024 (updated) COVID-19 vaccination with a monovalent XBB. 1.5-derived vaccine for all persons aged ≥6 months to prevent COVID-19, including severe disease. During fall 2023, XBB lineages co-circulated with JN. 1, an Omicron BA. 2.86 lineage that emerged in September 2023. These variants have amino acid substitutions that might increase escape from neutralizing antibodies. XBB lineages predominated through December 2023, when JN. 1 became predominant in the United States. Reduction or failure of spike gene (S-gene) amplification (i. e., S-gene target failure [SGTF]) in real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction testing is a time-dependent, proxy indicator of JN. 1 infection. Data from the Increasing Community Access to Testing SARS-CoV-2 pharmacy testing program were analyzed to estimate updated COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness (VE) (i. e., receipt versus no receipt of updated vaccination) against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection, including by SGTF result. Among 9,222 total eligible tests, overall VE among adults aged ≥18 years was 54% (95% CI = 46%-60%) at a median of 52 days after vaccination. Among 2,199 tests performed at a laboratory with SGTF testing, VE 60-119 days after vaccination was 49% (95% CI = 19%-68%) among tests exhibiting SGTF and 60% (95% CI = 35%-75%) among tests without SGTF. Updated COVID-19 vaccines provide protection against symptomatic infection, including against currently circulating lineages. CDC will continue monitoring VE, including for expected waning and against severe disease. All persons aged ≥6 months should receive an updated COVID-19 vaccine dose.

Concepts Keywords
December Aged
Immunocompetent Cov
Polymerase Covid
Vaccination Including


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO vaccine effectiveness
pathway REACTOME SARS-CoV-2 Infection
disease VO immunization
disease VO vaccination
disease VO vaccine
disease VO gene
disease VO time
disease MESH infection
disease VO COVID-19 vaccine
disease VO dose

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