Trusted Information Sources About the COVID-19 Vaccine Vary in Underserved Communities.

Publication date: Feb 01, 2024

The COVID-19 pandemic was one of the deadliest global public health events. In the United States, over 1. 1 million individuals have died, and now COVID-19 is the third leading cause of death (CDC, 2023). Vaccine uptake has stalled among different demographics. Vaccine hesitancy, a delay in accepting or refusing vaccines, poses a significant challenge regardless of the availability of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines. This study aimed to identify disparate COVID-19 vaccine uptake among individuals in Western New York. The primary objective was to identify the factors contributing to lower rates of COVID-19 vaccination within this population. Data were collected from 585 adults recruited from 20 Niagara and Erie Counties sites using a self-administered survey on vaccine hesitancy, vaccination status, and COVID-19-related characteristics. The survey included the adult Vaccine Hesitancy Scale (aVHS) and acquired information on demographic characteristics and COVID-19 impact, knowledge, and information sources. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, a chi-squared test, a Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and a logistic regression model. Findings suggest that unvaccinated participants (nā€‰=ā€‰35) were concerned about vaccine side effects (48. 6%). For vaccinated/unboosted participants (nā€‰=ā€‰52), they (40. 0%) reported clinical concerns. After adjusting for gender and age, healthcare provider guidance and family guidance remained significant predictors of vaccination status, while clinical research studies were significant predictors of booster status. Findings from this study suggest public health interventions that target vaccine education and facilitate well-informed decisions about COVID-19 vaccines lead to less vaccine hesitancy.

Concepts Keywords
1million COVID-19 Vaccine
Deadliest Underrepresented Populations
Niagara Vaccine Hesitancy
Vaccination Western New York


Type Source Name
disease VO COVID-19 vaccine
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease MESH cause of death
disease VO vaccine
disease VO effective
disease VO vaccination
disease VO population
disease VO unvaccinated
disease VO vaccinated

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