An Enzyme-Cleavable Solubilizing-Tag Facilitates the Chemical Synthesis of Mirror-Image Proteins.

Publication date: Feb 07, 2024

Mirror-image proteins (D-proteins) are useful in biomedical research for purposes such as mirror-image screening for D-peptide drug discovery, but the chemical synthesis of many D-proteins is often low yielding due to the poor solubility or aggregation of their constituent peptide segments. Here, we report a Lys-C protease cleavable solubilizing-tag and its use to synthesize difficult-to-obtain D-proteins. Our tag is easily installed onto multiple amino acids such as D-Lys, D-Ser, D-Thr and/or the N-terminal D-amino acid of hydrophobic peptides, is impervious to various reaction conditions, such as peptide synthesis, ligation, desulfurization, and transition metal-mediated deprotection, and yet can be completely removed by Lys-C protease under denaturing conditions to give the desired D-protein. The efficacy and practicality of the new method were exemplified in the synthesis of two challenging D-proteins: D-enantiomers of PD-1 IgV domain and SARS-CoV-2 envelope protein, in high yield. This work demonstrates that the enzymatic cleavage of solubilizing tags under denaturing conditions is feasible, thus paving the way for the production of more challenging D-proteins.

Concepts Keywords


Type Source Name
disease VO report
drug DRUGBANK L-Lysine
drug DRUGBANK Amino acids
drug DRUGBANK Serine
drug DRUGBANK L-Threonine
disease VO Envelope protein
disease IDO production

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