Prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms in high-income, and low- and middle-income countries in the Covid-19 pandemic: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Publication date: Feb 12, 2024

To perform a meta-analysis and comparison between high-income, and low- and middle-income countries postpartum depression symptoms prevalences. PubMed, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases were searched until October 2022 for studies that collected data from pandemic. The metaprop command was used in the Stata statistical software v. 12. 0 to run a random-effects meta-analysis. A total of 15 studies with 4,788 postpartum women were included. The overall prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms was 31% (95% CI: 21. 85-40. 99). The pooled prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms among women from high-income countries [30. 5% (95% CI: 16. 95-46. 02)] did not differ significantly from that among women from low- and middle-income countries [31. 5% (95% CI: 19. 26-45. 15)]. However, studies that analyzed women up to one month after childbirth had a lower prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms [17. 5% (95% CI: 9. 85-26. 62)] compared to those that observed them up to one year after childbirth [38. 3% (95% CI: 33. 96-42. 83)]. The prevalence of postpartum depression symptoms was high regardless of the country’s human development index and it must be regularly tracked around the world to assess, discuss, and recommend more assertive steps that may be implemented based on the particular characteristics of each country.

Concepts Keywords
Covid COVID-19
Pandemic human development index
Psychiatry pandemic
Regularly postpartum depression
Women prevalence

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH postpartum depression
disease MESH Covid-19 pandemic
disease IDO country

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)