Impact of the novel coronavirus infection on pediatric surgery: an analysis of data from the National Clinical Database.

Publication date: Feb 13, 2024

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic limited the delivery of medical resources. Although surgeries are triaged according to disease severity and urgency, a delay in diagnosis and surgery can be detrimental. We conducted this study to analyze data on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric surgery for different diseases or disorders. We compiled and compared data on pediatric surgical cases from 2018 to 2020, using the National Clinical Database. The number of diseases, severity, complication rates, mortality rates by disease/disorder, and the COVID-19 pandemic areas were analyzed. The total number of cases of pediatric surgery in 2018, 2019, and 2020 was 50,026, 49,794, and 45,621, respectively, reflecting an 8. 8% decrease in 2020 from 2018 and an 8. 4% decrease in 2020 from 2019. A decrease was observed when the number of patients with COVID-19 was high and was greater in areas with a low infection rate. There was a marked decrease in the number of inguinal hernia cases. The number of emergency room visits and emergency surgeries decreased, but their relative proportions increased. The COVID-19 pandemic decreased the number of pediatric surgeries, reflecting the limitations of scheduled surgeries and infection control measures.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus COVID-19
Pandemic Japan
Surgery National Clinical Database
Pediatric surgery

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH coronavirus infection
disease MESH coronavirus disease 2019
disease MESH infection
disease MESH inguinal hernia
disease MESH emergency

Original Article

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