Parental gender influences their intention to HPV vaccinate their children, and the association between HPV and COVID-19 vaccination intentions.

Publication date: Mar 01, 2024

The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has increased public awareness of infectious diseases and interest in vaccines, including the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine. We investigated differences between parental gender and intentions to vaccinate their child for HPV and COVID-19. We analyzed data from Japan’s COVID-19 and Society Internet Survey (JACSIS), a web-based cross-sectional survey of 2,444 respondents in 2021. Females were more knowledgeable and more afraid of HPV and COVID-19 than males. The proportions of females in favor of, or against, HPV vaccination was higher than among males. The fathers’ intention for HPV vaccination was significantly associated with the child’s gender, knowledge regarding HPV, and intention to inoculate with the COVID-19 vaccine. The mothers’ intention was also associated with her knowledge of HPV and her intention to seek the COVID-19 vaccine, but it included a greater fear of HPV infection. Both male and female parents favored the COVID-19 vaccine over the HPV vaccine. Parents approving of COVID-19 vaccination believed in the overall efficacy of vaccines and were more receptive to opinions from the administration and physicians, even if the parent was currently against HPV vaccination. Mothers were more knowledgeable about HPV and more favorable to vaccinate their child for HPV than fathers. The intention to have children COVID-19 vaccinated was also higher than for HPV vaccination. During this period of heightened public interest in vaccines due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this is a good time to educate and inform the public about HPV.

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Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine
Japan Fear
Knowledgeable Gender
Mothers HPV vaccine
Parental intention
Vaccine hesitancy


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO vaccination
pathway KEGG Coronavirus disease
disease MESH infectious diseases
disease VO vaccine
disease VO COVID-19 vaccine
disease MESH HPV infection
disease VO vaccinated
disease VO time

Original Article

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