PEDV-spike-protein-expressing mRNA vaccine protects piglets against PEDV challenge.

Publication date: Feb 14, 2024

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a swine enteropathogenic coronavirus, causes severe diarrhea in neonatal piglets, which is associated with a high mortality rate. Thus, developing effective and safe vaccines remains a top priority for controlling PEDV infection. Here, we designed two lipid nanoparticle (LNP)-encapsulated mRNA (mRNA-LNP) vaccines encoding either the full-length PEDV spike (S) protein or a multiepitope chimeric spike (Sm) protein. We found that the S mRNA-LNP vaccine was superior to the Sm mRNA-LNP vaccine at inducing antibody and cellular immune responses in mice. Evaluation of the immunogenicity and efficacy of the S mRNA vaccine in piglets confirmed that it induced robust PEDV-specific humoral and cellular immune responses in vivo. Importantly, the S mRNA-LNP vaccine not only protected actively immunized piglets against PEDV but also equipped neonatal piglets with effective passive anti-PEDV immunity in the form of colostrum-derived antibodies after the immunization of sows. Our findings suggest that the PEDV-S mRNA-LNP vaccine is a promising candidate for combating PEDV infection. IMPORTANCEPorcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) continues to harm the global swine industry. It is important to develop a highly effective vaccine to control PEDV infection. Here, we report a PEDV spike (S) mRNA vaccine that primes a potent antibody response and antigen-specific T-cell responses in immunized piglets. Active and passive immunization can protect piglets against PED following the virus challenge. This study highlights the efficiency of the PEDV-S mRNA vaccine and represents a viable approach for developing an efficient PEDV vaccine.

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Concepts Keywords
Diarrhea mRNA vaccine
Efficient PEDV
Mice piglets
Nanoparticle protective immunity
Vaccine spike protein

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease VO vaccine
disease MESH causes
disease VO effective
disease MESH infection
disease VO immunized
disease VO immunization
disease VO report
disease IDO cell
disease VO passive immunization
disease VO efficiency
disease VO viable
disease VO efficient

Original Article

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