Risk perception of healthcare workers in the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil.

Publication date: Feb 15, 2024

To validate the items of the Emotional Impact Questionnaire coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) related to risk perception, estimating its degree, among healthcare workers in the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic, identifying possible associated factors. Methods: cross-sectional study in 1872 healthcare workers of Brazil. The population was characterized by sociodemographic and occupational information, knowledge about COVID-19, quality of information received, risk perception and preventive measures about the disease, and sense of coherence. Being divorced, having a chronic disease, spending more than 1 h per day getting informed about COVID-19, and always or almost always wearing a mask regardless of symptoms, as well as self-perception of health were associated with high-risk perception. An inverse association was found between risk perception, sense of coherence and not knowing if one has had occasional contact with confirmed COVID-19 cases. Risk perception is influenced by emotions, experiences, and knowledge. Sense of coherence and resilience have a role in reducing risk perception. Understanding risk perception is crucial for developing effective strategies to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other similar scenarios.

Concepts Keywords
Brazil COVID-19
Coronavirus Epidemiology
Covid Healthcare workers
Divorced Preventive behaviours
Healthcare Risk perception
Sense of coherence


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
pathway KEGG Coronavirus disease
disease VO population
disease IDO quality
disease MESH chronic disease
disease VO effective

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