Hypertension Control During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: A Cohort Study Among US Veterans.

Publication date: Mar 01, 2024

Retrospective cohort study. We sought to examine whether disruptions in follow-up intervals contributed to hypertension control. Disruptions in health care were widespread during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. We identified a cohort of individuals with hypertension in both prepandemic (March 2019-February 2020) and pandemic periods (March 2020-February 2022) in the Veterans Health Administration. First, we calculated follow-up intervals between the last prepandemic and first pandemic blood pressure measurement during a primary care clinic visit, and between measurements in the prepandemic period. Next, we estimated the association between the maintenance of (or achieving) hypertension control and the period using generalized estimating equations. We assessed associations between follow-up interval and control separately for periods. Finally, we evaluated the interaction between period and follow-up length. A total of 1,648,424 individuals met the study inclusion criteria. Among individuals with controlled hypertension, the likelihood of maintaining control was lower during the pandemic versus the prepandemic (relative risk: 0. 93; 95% CI: 0. 93, 0. 93). Longer follow-up intervals were associated with a decreasing likelihood of maintaining controlled hypertension in both periods. Accounting for follow-up intervals, the likelihood of maintaining control was 2% lower during the pandemic versus the prepandemic. For uncontrolled hypertension, the likelihood of gaining control was modestly higher during the pandemic versus the prepandemic (relative risk: 1. 01; 95% CI: 1. 01, 1. 01). The likelihood of gaining control decreased with follow-up length during the prepandemic but not pandemic. During the pandemic, longer follow-up between measurements contributed to the lower likelihood of maintaining control. Those with uncontrolled hypertension were modestly more likely to gain control in the pandemic.

Concepts Keywords
Clinic Care
Coronavirus Cohort
Veterans Control


Type Source Name
disease MESH Hypertension
disease MESH Coronavirus Disease 2019
disease IDO blood
drug DRUGBANK Methionine

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