Rhinovirus infection and co-infection in children with severe acute respiratory infection during the COVID-19 pandemic period.

Publication date: Dec 01, 2024

Rhinovirus causes respiratory tract infections in children and is found in co-infections. The objective of this research was to study the clinical profile of rhinovirus infection and co-infection in children with severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) during the COVID-19 pandemic period. We included 606 children ranging in age from 0. 1 to 144 months of age from March 2020 to December 2021, hospitalized in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). The samples were collected by secretion from the nasopharynx region. A total of 259 children were tested positive for viral infection, 153 (59. 07%) of them had a single rhinovirus infection and, 56 (36. 6%) were aged between 60. 1 and 144 months. Nine types of co-infections were identified and were found coinfection with three or more viruses (22/104, 21. 15%). Observing the seasonality, the number of cases was similar between 2020 (49. 53%) and 2021 (51. 47%). Patients with a single infection (86. 88%) and coinfection (67. 30%) were more likely to have coughed. Patients with co-infection required the use of O2 for longer than those with a single rhinovirus infection. Hemogram results obtained from individuals with a single infection had higher levels of urea when compared to patients with co-infection with and other respiratory viruses. Multiple correspondence analyses indicated different clinical symptoms and comorbidities in patients with co-infection compared to those with single infection. The results found that the rhinovirus was much prevalent virus during the pandemic period and was found in co-infection with other virus types, what is important to diagnostic for the correct treatment of patients.

Concepts Keywords
144months child
Pandemic epidemiology
Rhinovirus microbiology
Virulence pandemic
several infections
Virus

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH infection
disease MESH co-infection
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease MESH causes
disease MESH respiratory tract infections
disease MESH viral infection
disease VO Viruses
drug DRUGBANK Urea

Original Article

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