Screening for negative emotions and analysis of related factors among general surgery inpatients: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

Publication date: Dec 11, 2023

Adverse psychological states in surgical patients can impact outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate mood disorders and associated factors in general surgery inpatients using the Huaxi Emotional Distress Index (HEI). This retrospective cross-sectional study analyzed HEI scores of 20,398 adult patients hospitalized for elective surgery at a tertiary hospital in China (2018-2021). Univariable and multivariable logistic regression identified factors linked to moderate/severe mood disturbances. Factors linked to moderate/severe mood disturbances were identified through univariable and multivariable logistic regression. The results showed that 3. 7% of the patients had HEI ≥ 13, indicating significant emotional issues. The mean age was 52. 67 (16. 14) years in the group with no/mild distress and 59. 65 (16. 34) years in the group with moderate/severe distress. Among all the cases included, there were 2,689 cases (13. 18%) of gastric and esophageal diseases, 1,437 cases (7. 04%) of hepatic diseases, 913 cases (4. 47%) of periampullary and pancreatic tumors, 9,150 cases (44. 85%) of gallbladder diseases, 2,777 cases (13. 61%) of colorectal diseases, and 3,432 cases (16. 83%) of other diseases. The male percentage was 45. 5 and 54. 9% in the two groups, respectively. Older age, male gender, unstable occupations, lower education, and unmarried status were associated with higher risks of mood disturbances (all p 

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Concepts Keywords
China anxiety
Gallbladder COVID-19 pandemic
Gastric depression
Psychological general surgery
psychological screening


Type Source Name
disease MESH mood disorders
disease MESH Emotional Distress
disease MESH esophageal diseases
disease MESH tumors
disease MESH gallbladder diseases
disease MESH COVID 19 pandemic

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