Evidence to support health system prioritization of health behaviors in the COVID-19 era.

Publication date: Feb 27, 2024

Since the COVID-19 pandemic health systems have shifted necessarily from chronic to infectious disease treatment, but chronic disease remains critical. One large health system uniquely tracks member health behaviors. This analysis compares data from select months of an ongoing monthly cross-sectional survey before and during the pandemic. Responses in April 2019 (pre-pandemic), April 2020 (early pandemic) or April 2021 (later pandemic) were included in the primary analysis (N = 252). Differences in meeting health behavior guidelines were analyzed via logistic regression. A significant decline was seen for physical activity (19% not meeting guidelines pre-pandemic vs. 41% later pandemic) but not fruit/vegetable, alcohol, or sleep from early to later pandemic. Prevalence of women not meeting tobacco guidelines increased from early (5%) to later pandemic (10%) while prevalence in men decreased (10% vs 4% respectively). The percent of people not thinking about the good things that happen to them fluctuated closely with reports of new COVID-19 cases. Findings show the nuance of changing health behaviors throughout the pandemic. Results should be used by health systems to tailor support based on insights from the pandemic experience.

Concepts Keywords
April Chronic disease
Covid COVID pandemic
Fruit Health behaviors
Monthly Prevention
Pandemic Surveillance survey

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH infectious disease
pathway REACTOME Infectious disease
disease MESH chronic disease
disease VO monthly
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol

Original Article

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