Discovery of furopyridine-based compounds as novel inhibitors of Janus kinase 2: In silico and in vitro studies.

Publication date: Mar 01, 2024

Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), one of the JAK isoforms participating in a JAK/STAT signaling cascade, has been considered a potential clinical target owing to its critical role in physiological processes involved in cell growth, survival, development, and differentiation of various cell types, especially immune and hematopoietic cells. Substantial studies have proven that the inhibition of this target could disrupt the JAK/STAT pathway and provide therapeutic outcomes for cancer, immune disorders, inflammation, and COVID-19. Herein, we performed docking-based virtual screening of 63 in-house furopyridine-based compounds and verified the first-round screened compounds by in vitro enzyme- and cell-based assays. By shedding light on the integration of both in silico and in vitro methods, we could elucidate two promising compounds. PD19 showed cytotoxic effects on human erythroblast cell lines (TF-1 and HEL) with IC values of 57. 27 and 27. 28 μM, respectively, while PD12 exhibited a cytotoxic effect on TF-1 with an IC value of 83. 47 μM by suppressing JAK2/STAT5 autophosphorylation. In addition, all screened compounds were predicted to meet drug-like criteria based on Lipinski’s rule of five, and none of the extreme toxicity features were found. Molecular dynamic simulations revealed that PD12 and PD19 could form stable complexes with JAK2 in an aqueous environment, and the van der Waals interactions were the main force driving the complex formation. Besides, all compounds sufficiently interacted with surrounding amino acids in all crucial regions, including glycine, catalytic, and activation loops. Altogether, PD12 and PD19 identified here could potentially be developed as novel therapeutic inhibitors disrupting the JAK/STAT pathway.

Concepts Keywords
Cancer Erythroblast cell line
Drug Furopyridine
Pd19 In silico screening
Proteins JAK/STAT pathway
Vitro JAK2


Type Source Name
disease IDO cell
disease MESH cancer
disease MESH immune disorders
disease MESH inflammation
disease MESH COVID-19
drug DRUGBANK Amino acids
drug DRUGBANK Glycine

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