A Survey on the Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors and Influencing Factors of Caregivers for Newborns With COVID-19 in Chongqing, China.

Publication date: Jan 01, 2024

This study aimed to investigate the healthcare knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of primary caregivers of newborns with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the pandemic in Chongqing, China, and analyze the influencing factors. The study included primary caregivers of COVID-19 newborns hospitalized in our institution from December 2022 to January 2023. A questionnaire survey was initiated to assess the caregivers’ health-care knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for COVID-19 and the influencing factors. The data were analyzed statistically. A total of 195 caregivers were included, one for each infant with COVID-19. The questionnaire consisted of three dimensions. For the knowledge dimension, the top scoring items were wearing masks in public spaces (4. 92 +/- 0. 087), strengthening hand hygiene (4. 83 +/- 0. 164), and frequent ventilation in living environment (4. 62 +/- 0. 331) in order; for the attitude dimension, the top three scoring items were wearing masks in public spaces (4. 85 +/- 0. 353), strengthening hand washing and disinfection (4. 72 +/- 0. 450), and regular ventilation (4. 49 +/- 0. 501). For the behavior dimension, the top three were confidence in winning the challenge of the pandemic (4. 71 +/- 0. 480), standardized wearing of masks in public spaces/confined spaces (4. 68 +/- 0. 589), and high satisfaction with community epidemic prevention measures (4. 67 +/- 0. 496). Among the influencing factors, fear of COVID-19 was the independent risk indicator for the caregivers’ anxiety (OR = 38. 085, 95% CI = 14. 383-100. 664) and fear of COVID-19 (OR = 8. 170, 95%CI = 2. 156-30. 957) and fever (OR = 10. 213, 95% CI = 1. 972-52. 892) were the independent risk indicators for depression. The study shows a key link between caregiver knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and neonatal COVID-19 infection, with a gap between knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Caregivers, especially those dealing with premature infants, worried about mother-to-child transmission and experienced multiple births, face significant psychological stress during this phase of the pandemic.

Concepts Keywords
China attitude
Fordepression behavior
Neonatal caregivers
Psychological covid-19
influencing factors
knowledge

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH infection
disease VO Gap
disease MESH mother-to-child transmission
disease MESH psychological stress

Original Article

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