COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety and associated factors among adolescents in Southwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

Publication date: Feb 27, 2024

COVID-19 pandemic causes serious threats to people’s mental health, particularly it has huge negative mental health outcomes for adolescents. However, there is lack of studies examining COVID-19-related anxiety among adolescents in Ethiopia. Hence, this study was aimed to examine COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety and its associated factors among adolescents in Mettu town. Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from September 1 to 30, 2020 among 847 adolescents selected by stratified sampling technique. IBM SPSS Statistics Version 26. 0 was used for analysis. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation were computed. Bivariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were done to identify factors associated with COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety. The statistical significance was declared at p ≤ 0. 05; and the strength of association was described in terms of adjusted odds ratio. Out of the total sample, 819 adolescents participated in this study. The mean age of the participants was 14. 9 (SD = 2. 798) years. The magnitude of COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety was found to be 20. 9% (95% CI (18. 1, 23. 9)). The finding indicates that sex [(AOR (95% CI)); (0. 724 (0. 502, 1. 043))], having both parents deceased [(AOR (95% CI)); (2. 981 (1. 138, 7. 814))], living alone [(AOR (95% CI)); (2. 363 (1. 050, 5. 321))], having unemployed mothers [(AOR (95% CI)); (1. 943 (1. 194, 3. 163))], absence of close friend [(AOR (95% CI)); (0. 377 (0. 225, 0. 630))], and medical problem [(AOR (95% CI)); (0. 408 (0. 278, 0. 597))] were significantly associated with COVID-19-related anxiety. The magnitude of COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety was found to be high in the study area. The findings have shown that the likelihood of developing COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety was linked to several factors. Provision of continued psychological support for adolescents is extremely encouraged.

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Concepts Keywords
Ethiopia Adolescents
Ibm COVID-19
Pandemic Dysfunctional anxiety
Parents Mental health
Psychiatry

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH causes
disease VO LACK
disease VO frequency
disease MESH Long Covid
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH severe acute respiratory syndrome
drug DRUGBANK Stavudine
disease MESH panic disorder
disease MESH insomnia
disease MESH delirium
disease MESH viral infection
disease MESH uncertainty
disease IDO country
disease MESH lifestyle
disease MESH cardiovascular diseases
disease VO population
disease MESH critically ill
disease MESH infection
drug DRUGBANK Aspartame
disease VO report
disease IDO history
disease MESH mental illness
disease MESH Psychological distress
disease MESH educational status
disease VO monthly
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol
disease MESH Anxiety Disorder
drug DRUGBANK Adenosine
disease MESH chronic conditions
disease MESH substance use
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
drug DRUGBANK Esomeprazole
drug DRUGBANK Serine
disease VO organization
disease VO time
disease VO Viruses
disease MESH death
disease MESH encephalitis
disease VO document
disease MESH Adverse childhood experiences
disease MESH inflammation
disease VO pregnant women

Original Article

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