Depressive Symptoms, Sleep Quality, and Pain Are Associated With Frailty in Nursing Home Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Publication date: Feb 26, 2024

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe effects on older adults. Depressive symptoms, poor sleep quality, and pain are common in older adults with frailty. However, it is unknown the relationship between these symptoms and frailty in nursing home residents and the difference of importance between pain intensity and pain impact on frailty during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Therefore, this study aims to explore the associations between depressive symptoms, poor sleep quality, pain intensity, and pain impact with frailty in older adults living in nursing homes. In this cross-sectional population-based study, 172 older adults living in nursing homes from Changsha in China were included. We collected data on depressive symptoms, sleep quality, pain, and frailty using the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality, the Brief Pain Inventory-short form, and the FRAIL-NH Scale. Generalized linear regression models were used to explore the interaction association between these symptoms with frailty. Most older adults were between 80 and 90 years old. Approximately 11. 6% of older adults experienced one of the following symptoms: depressive symptoms, poor sleep quality, pain intensity, or pain impact. Moreover, 76. 7% of older adults experienced at least two of these symptoms. The most common overlapping symptoms were depressive symptoms and poor sleep quality (14. 5%). Among nursing home residents, the most common sites of pain were the lower limbs, followed by the back. There was a strong correlation between depressive symptoms, sleep quality, pain intensity, pain impact, and frailty. After adjusting for covariates, the interaction term between any two or three symptoms of depressive symptoms, poor sleep quality, pain intensity, and pain impact was found to be associated with a higher likelihood of frailty in older adults residing in nursing homes (p< .05). Depressive symptoms, poor sleep quality, pain intensity, and pain impact are common among nursing home residents. Furthermore, these symptoms interacted with each other. In future studies, multidisciplinary interventions aimed at releasing these symptoms and reducing the adverse outcome of frailty are needed.

Concepts Keywords
China Adults
Depressive Common
Models Covid
Nursing Depressive
Old Frailty


Type Source Name
disease MESH Sleep Quality
disease MESH COVID-19 Pandemic
disease VO population

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