Symptoms, Mental Health, and Quality of Life Among Patients After COVID-19 Infection: A Cross-sectional Study in Vietnam.

Publication date: Feb 27, 2024

This study was conducted to characterize the symptoms, mental health issues, quality of life (QoL) concerns, and associated factors following coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. This cross-sectional study included 394 participants previously infected with COVID-19 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Mental health was assessed using the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Participants self-reported health-related QoL was measured with the EuroQol 5-Dimension 5-Level (EQ-5D-5L) scale. Among the participants, 76. 4% reported experiencing at least one symptom following COVID-19 infection. The most common symptoms were fatigue (42. 1%), cognitive dysfunction (42. 9%), and hair loss (27. 9%). According to the DASS-21 results, the proportions of depression, anxiety, and stress were 28. 7%, 26. 4%, and 20. 6%, respectively. The mean scores on the EQ-5D-5L and the EuroQol Visual Analog Scale were 0. 94 +/- 0. 11 and 84. 2 +/- 13. 11, respectively. Regarding QoL issues, the highest proportion of participants (32. 7%) reported experiencing anxiety or depression, followed by pain or discomfort (25. 4%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that factors associated with the presence of symptoms following COVID-19 infection included female sex (odds ratio [OR], 3. 01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1. 75 to 5. 16) and QoL issues (OR, 3. 80; 95% CI, 2. 03 to 7. 12). The study investigated the prevalence rates of various symptoms following COVID-19 infection. These findings underscore the need to prioritize comprehensive care for individuals recovering from COVID-19 and to implement strategies to mitigate the long-term impact of the disease on mental health and QoL.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus COVID-19
Covid Mental health
Fatigue Quality of life
Vietnam Symptoms


Type Source Name
disease IDO quality
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH Infection
disease IDO symptom
disease MESH cognitive dysfunction
disease MESH hair loss
disease MESH Long Covid

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