The nucleocapsid protein facilitates p53 ubiquitination-dependent proteasomal degradation via recruiting host ubiquitin ligase COP1 in PEDV infection.

Publication date: Mar 04, 2024

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly contagious enteric pathogen of the coronavirus family and caused severe economic losses to the global swine industry. Previous studies have established that p53 is a host restriction factor for PEDV infection, and p53 degradation occurs in PEDV-infected cells. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms through which PEDV viral proteins regulate p53 degradation remain unclear. In this study, we found that PEDV infection or expression of the nucleocapsid protein downregulates p53 through a post-translational mechanism: increasing the ubiquitination of p53 and preventing its nuclear translocation. We also show that the PEDV N protein functions by recruiting the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1 and suppressing COP1 self-ubiquitination and protein degradation, thereby augmenting COP1-mediated degradation of p53. Additionally, COP1 knockdown compromises N-mediated p53 degradation. Functional mapping using truncation analysis showed that the N-terminal domains of N protein was responsible for interacting with COP1 and critical for COP1 stability and p53 degradation. The results presented here suggest the COP1-dependent mechanism for PEDV N protein to abolish p53 activity. This study significantly increases our understanding of PEDV in antagonizing the host antiviral factor p53 and will help initiate novel antiviral strategies against PEDV.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Interaction
Downregulates N protein
Genes p53 degradation
Mapping ubiquitin ligase COP1
Nuclear

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease IDO host
disease MESH infection
disease IDO pathogen

Original Article

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