Cumulative All-Cause Mortality in Diverse Hispanic/Latino Adults : A Prospective, Multicenter Cohort Study.

Publication date: Mar 05, 2024

All-cause mortality among diverse Hispanic/Latino groups in the United States and factors underlying mortality differences have not been examined prospectively. To describe cumulative all-cause mortality (and factors underlying differences) by Hispanic/Latino background, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospective, multicenter cohort study. Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. 15 568 adults aged 18 to 74 years at baseline (2008 to 2011) of Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South American, and other backgrounds from the Bronx, New York; Chicago, Illinois; Miami, Florida; and San Diego, California. Sociodemographic, acculturation-related, lifestyle, and clinical factors were assessed at baseline, and vital status was ascertained through December 2021 (969 deaths; 173 444 person-years of follow-up). Marginally adjusted cumulative all-cause mortality risks (11-year before the pandemic and 2-year during the pandemic) were examined using progressively adjusted Cox regression. Before the pandemic, 11-year cumulative mortality risks adjusted for age and sex were higher in the Puerto Rican and Cuban groups (6. 3% [95% CI, 5. 2% to 7. 6%] and 5. 7% [CI, 5. 0% to 6. 6%], respectively) and lowest in the South American group (2. 4% [CI, 1. 7% to 3. 5%]). Differences were attenuated with adjustment for lifestyle and clinical factors. During the pandemic, 2-year cumulative mortality risks adjusted for age and sex ranged from 1. 1% (CI, 0. 6% to 2. 0%; South American) to 2. 0% (CI, 1. 4% to 3. 0%; Central American); CIs overlapped across groups. With adjustment for lifestyle factors, 2-year cumulative mortality risks were highest in persons of Central American and Mexican backgrounds and lowest among those of Puerto Rican and Cuban backgrounds. Lack of data on race and baseline citizenship status; correlation between Hispanic/Latino background and site. Differences in prepandemic mortality risks across Hispanic/Latino groups were explained by lifestyle and clinical factors. Mortality patterns changed during the pandemic, with higher risks in persons of Central American and Mexican backgrounds than in those of Puerto Rican and Cuban backgrounds. National Institutes of Health.

Concepts Keywords
December American
Florida Backgrounds
Latinos Cause
Pandemic Ci


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease MESH lifestyle
disease VO LACK
disease IDO site

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