Surface air gas discharge plasma: An ecofriendly virus inactivation approach to enhance CPRRs mediated antiviral genes expression against airborne bio-contaminant (human Coronavirus-229E).

Publication date: Mar 05, 2024

Emerging bio-contaminants (airborne viruses) exploits and manipulate host (human) metabolism to produce new viral particles, evading the host’s immune defences and leading to infections. Non-thermal plasma, operating at atmospheric pressure and ambient temperature, is explored for virus inactivation, generating RONS that interact and denatures viral proteins. However, various factors affecting virus survival influence the efficacy of non-thermal plasma. Glucose analogue 2-DG, a metabolic modifier used in this study, disrupts the glycolysis pathway viruses rely on, creating an unfavourable environment for replication. Here, airborne HCoV-229E bio-contaminant was treated with plasma for inactivation, and the presence of RONS was analysed. Metabolically altered lung cells were subsequently exposed to the treated airborne viruses. Cytopathic effect, spike protein, and cell death were evaluated via flow cytometry and confocal microscopy, and CPRRs mediated antiviral gene expression was evaluated using PCR. Gas plasma-treated viruses led to reduced virus proliferation in unaltered lung cells, although few virus particles survived the exposure, as confirmed by biological assessment (cytopathic effects and live/dead staining). A combination approach of gas plasma-treated viruses and altered lung cells displayed drastic virus reduction compared to the control group, established through confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Furthermore, altered lung cell enhances gene transcription responsible for innate immunity when exposed to the gas plasma-treated virus, thereby impeding airborne virus propagation. This study demonstrates the significance of a surface air gas plasma and metabolic alteration approach in enhancing genes targeted towards antiviral innate immunity and tackling outbreaks of emerging bio-contaminants of concerns (airborne viruses).

Concepts Keywords
Airborne Environmental bio-contaminant
Antiviral Human coronavirus
Coronavirus Metabolic modifier


Type Source Name
drug DRUGBANK Medical air
disease VO inactivation
disease VO Viruses
disease IDO host
pathway REACTOME Metabolism
disease MESH infections
drug DRUGBANK Dextrose unspecified form
drug DRUGBANK 2-deoxyglucose
disease IDO replication
disease VO dead
disease IDO cell
disease VO gene
drug DRUGBANK Oxygen
drug DRUGBANK Nitrogen

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