Structural Relationships to Efficacy for Prazole-Derived Antivirals.

Publication date: Mar 06, 2024

Here, an in vitro characterization of a family of prazole derivatives that covalently bind to the C73 site on Tsg101 and assay their ability to inhibit viral particle production is presented. Structurally, increased steric bulk on the 4-pyridyl of the prazole expands the prazole site on the UEV domain toward the β-hairpin in the Ub-binding site and is coupled to increased inhibition of virus-like particle production in HIV-1. Increased bulk also increased toxicity, which is alleviated by increasing flexibility. Further, the formation of a novel secondary Tsg101 adduct for several of the tested compounds and the commercial drug lansoprazole. The secondary adduct involved the loss of the 4-pyridyl substituent to form an irreversible species, with implications for increasing the half-life of the active species or its specificity toward Tsg101 UEV. It is also determined that sulfide derivatives display effective viral inhibition, presumably through cellular sulfoxidation, allowing for delayed conversion within the cellular environment, and identify SARS-COV-2 as a target of prazole inhibition. These results open multiple avenues for the design of prazole derivatives for antiviral applications.

Concepts Keywords
Effective antiviral agents
Hiv biophysics
Sulfoxidation drug design
Tsg101 NMR spectroscopy
Viral protein modifications

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease IDO site
disease IDO assay
disease IDO production
drug DRUGBANK Lansoprazole
disease VO effective

Original Article

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