The Disproportionate Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Time Allocation of Recipients of NIH Career Development Awards Who Are Women or Caregivers of Dependents.

Publication date: Mar 07, 2024

To understand time allocation of a national medical faculty cohort 1. 5-2 years after the COVID-19 pandemic began, compared to before. From August 2021-April 2022, the authors conducted a retrospective survey of 1,430 clinician-researchers who received National Institutes of Health career-development awards between 2006-2009 asking about domestic and professional time allocation pre-pandemic and at the time of surveys (TOS). Of 915 respondents (64%), the 830 who remained in academic positions constituted the analytic sample. Multivariable regression models identified demographic factors associated with each time outcome and change in time between pre-pandemic and TOS, and having experienced ≥8-hour increase of total self-reported weekly professional work hours and domestic labor hours. Median self-reported weekly professional work hours were 55 hours/week pre- pandemic and 60 at TOS. On multivariable analysis, significant predictors of self-reported weekly professional work hours at TOS were having a non-child other dependent (+2. 6 hours, P = .03), academic rank (associate -3. 1 hours, assistant -9. 0 hours; P < .001), and specialty (P < .001). Average self-reported TOS weekly domestic-labor hours were 23. 1 among men and 30. 2 among women (P < .001). Predictors of total self-reported TOS weekly domestic hours were being a woman (+5. 6 hours; P < .001) and having children requiring supervision (+10. 2 hours; P < .001). Overall, 9. 3% of men (42/450) and 21. 6% of women (88/407) experienced a ≥ 8 hour increase in domestic labor (P < .001). On multivariable analysis, women had higher odds of substantial domestic-labor increase (OR = 2. 33, 95% CI: 1. 47, 3. 68), as did those with children requiring supervision (OR = 1. 93, 95% CI: 1. 25, 2. 98) or other dependents (OR = 1. 83, 95% CI: 1. 13, 2. 98). This study illuminates demands on women and faculty with dependents during the COVID-19 pandemic and suggests increased flexibility and resources are of heightened importance.

Concepts Keywords
Academic Allocation
Caregivers Covid
Pandemic Dependents


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 Pandemic
disease VO time

Original Article

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