Identifying and ranking of the main organizational resilience indicators in the hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic: A study using fuzzy Delphi technique (FDT) and fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP).

Publication date: Mar 15, 2024

Resilience in a hospital is referred to as the capability to withstand and respond to disasters while maintaining critical functions. The current study aims to identify and prioritize the defining indicators of organizational resilience in dealing with the critical conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. First, a literature review and semi-structured interviews with experts were performed for the identification of the primary indicators affecting the hospital’s organizational resilience in critical conditions caused by the COVID-19 disease. Next, the fuzzy Delphi technique (FDT) was used to determine the effective and final indicators with a 70% agreement level. Finally, the indicators were weighted and prioritized using the FAHP method. The results shows that three indicators of leadership and management (NW = 0. 092), preparedness (NW = 0. 080), and learning from previous experiences (NW = 0. 078) had the greatest impact on the organizational resilience of the hospital, respectively. Three indicators of logistics support, fallibility culture, creativity, and innovation with the final weights of 0. 56, 0. 054, and 0. 053 gained the least importance, respectively. It can be concluded that a higher level of leadership and management, preparedness, and learning from previous experiences in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic can help control this crisis.

Concepts Keywords
Hospital COVID-19
Interviews Delphi technique
Pandemic Emergencies
Weights FAHP


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease IDO process
disease VO effective
disease MESH Emergencies

Original Article

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